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Art Roscoe was born in Chicago. He applied to the U.S. Military Academy (West Point) but failed the medical examination. In 1940, the Clayton Knight Committee was founded to bring Americans to Canada in order to train and fight for the Allies while the U.S. Art enlisted, trained, and was assigned as a pilot officer on probation to 71 Squadron of the R.A.F. (Royal Air Force), one of three Eagle Squadrons composed of American pilots who fought in the R.A.F. during World War II. On September 29, 1942, they were transferred to the Eighth Air Force of the U.S. Army Air Forces. Art was worried that transfer to U.S.A.A.F. would spell an end to flying fighters so he volunteered to remain in the R.A.F. where he spent his military career flying Spitfires.
In 1942, Art flew in the defense of Malta. He was promoted to acting flight lieutenant and was awarded the (British) Distinguished Flying Cross. He was injured when a Liberator in which he was riding overshot the end of the runway at Gibraltar and crashed into the sea. He was rescued and, on recovery, returned to active duty, serving with 165 Squadron and then 242 Squadron. In May 1944, he was given command of 232 Squadron. By the end of the war, he had destroyed 4 enemy aircraft and claimed 3 probables.
Art married Katie Jo Webb on October 19, 1950. They lived in California where he ultimately died. He flew a few trips for Seaboard in 1954.